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Short-Range Structure of Yttrium Alumino-Silicate Glass for Cancer Radiotherapy: Car-Parrinello Molecular Dynamics Simulations

Christie, JK; Tilocca, A; (2010) Short-Range Structure of Yttrium Alumino-Silicate Glass for Cancer Radiotherapy: Car-Parrinello Molecular Dynamics Simulations. ADVANCED ENGINEERING MATERIALS , 12 (7) B326 - B330. 10.1002/adem.200980081.

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Abstract

We present Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics (CPMD) simulations of yttrium alumino-silicate (YAS) glass. Alumino-silicate glass microspheres are used as vectors of yttrium radioisotopes in cancer radiotherapy; understanding in detail how yttrium is bound within the glass network is important to control the unwanted release of radioactive yttrium in the bloodstream. Our simulations, focused on a specific composition relevant to practical applications, show that silicon and aluminum form a disordered glass network, where Si is mainly four-coordinated, whereas, Al is mainly four- and five-coordinated. Yttrium cations have a network-modifying role, disrupting the alumino-silicate network by breaking Si(Al)-O bonds and coordinating the resulting non-bridging oxygens (NBO). The local environment of yttrium in the glass turns out to be rather flexible: between five and eight oxygen atoms, with a marked predominance of NBO, are found coordinated to a central Y cation, leading to a corresponding broad and multimodal distribution of O-Y-O angles.

Type:Article
Title:Short-Range Structure of Yttrium Alumino-Silicate Glass for Cancer Radiotherapy: Car-Parrinello Molecular Dynamics Simulations
Location:Glasgow, SCOTLAND
DOI:10.1002/adem.200980081
Keywords:NEUTRON-DIFFRACTION, LANTHANUM, RADIATION, AL-27
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Chemistry

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