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The use of conventional and advanced magnetic resonance techniques in the assessment of primary brain tumours

Caseiras, G.D.B.; (2008) The use of conventional and advanced magnetic resonance techniques in the assessment of primary brain tumours. Doctoral thesis, UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

The aim of the work described in this thesis was to investigate the value of conventional, perfusion- and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with histology-proven low-grade gliomas (LGG), and the potential role of these methods in the management of patients with these brain tumours. Thirty-six patients were studied at the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery using conventional, perfusion-weighted and diffusion-weighted MRI at study entry and 6 monthly intervals thereafter. At each visit, tumour volume, maximum rCBV and ADC histogram measures were calculated. This is a unique cohort, as patients were treatment free until malignant transformation was diagnosed, which translates the natural history of these brain tumours. It is unlikely to find such a specific cohort as most of the patients receive treatment after the initial diagnosis of low grade gliomas. Chapters 1 and 2 of this thesis describe the theoretical basis of the MRI techniques used, and summarise the natural history and imaging aspects of cerebral gliomas. Chapter 3 describes a methodological study relating to tumour perfusion measurement: since the inclusion or exclusion of intratumoural vessels may influence the quantification of relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV), a study was conducted to choose the best ROI placement technique to be used for the rCBV measurements included in this thesis. It was shown that only the approach which excluded intratumoural vessels demonstrated a significant association between rCBV values and tumour subtypes (astrocytomas, oligodendrogliomas and oligoastrocytomas) and therefore this technique was used in all subsequent rCBV measurements.

Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Title:The use of conventional and advanced magnetic resonance techniques in the assessment of primary brain tumours
Open access status:An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language:English
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Neurology > Brain Repair and Rehabilitation

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