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Gender and gender role differences in self- and other-estimates of multiple intelligences.

Szymanowicz, A; Furnham, A; (2013) Gender and gender role differences in self- and other-estimates of multiple intelligences. J Soc Psychol , 153 (4) 399 - 423. 10.1080/00224545.2012.754397. Green open access

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Abstract

This study examined participant gender and gender role differences in estimates of multiple intelligences for self, partner, and various hypothetical, stereotypical, and counter-stereotypical target persons. A general population sample of 261 British participants completed one of four questionnaires that required them to estimate their own and others' multiple intelligences and personality traits. Males estimated their general IQ slightly, but mathematic IQ significantly higher than females, who rated their social and emotional intelligence higher than males. Masculine individuals awarded themselves somewhat higher verbal and practical IQ scores than did female participants. Both participant gender and gender role differences in IQ estimates were found, with gender effects stronger in cognitive and gender role than in "personal" ability estimates. There was a significant effect of gender role on hypothetical persons' intelligence evaluations, with masculine targets receiving significantly higher intelligence estimates compared to feminine targets. More intelligent hypothetical figures were judged as more masculine and less feminine than less intelligent ones.

Type: Article
Title: Gender and gender role differences in self- and other-estimates of multiple intelligences.
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/00224545.2012.754397
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00224545.2012.754397
Language: English
Additional information: © Agata Szymanowicz and Adrian Furnham. Published with license by Taylor & Francis This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The moral rights of the named author(s) have been asserted.
Keywords: Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Emotional Intelligence, Female, Gender Identity, Great Britain, Humans, Intelligence, Male, Middle Aged, Personality, Questionnaires, Self Concept, Sex Distribution, Social Perception, Stereotyping, Young Adult
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1418812
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