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Protein kinase C regulates tonic GABAA receptor-mediated inhibition in the hippocampus and thalamus.

Bright, DP; Smart, TG; (2013) Protein kinase C regulates tonic GABAA receptor-mediated inhibition in the hippocampus and thalamus. Eur J Neurosci , 38 (10) pp. 3408-3423. 10.1111/ejn.12352. Green open access

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Abstract

Tonic inhibition mediated by extrasynaptic GABAA receptors (GABAA Rs) is an important regulator of neuronal excitability. Phosphorylation by protein kinase C (PKC) provides a key mode of regulation for synaptic GABAA Rs underlying phasic inhibition; however, less attention has been focused on the plasticity of tonic inhibition and whether this can also be modulated by receptor phosphorylation. To address this issue, we used whole-cell patch clamp recording in acute murine brain slices at both room and physiological temperatures to examine the effects of PKC-mediated phosphorylation on tonic inhibition. Recordings from dentate gyrus granule cells in the hippocampus and dorsal lateral geniculate relay neurons in the thalamus demonstrated that PKC activation caused downregulation of tonic GABAA R-mediated inhibition. Conversely, inhibition of PKC resulted in an increase in tonic GABAA R activity. These findings were corroborated by experiments on human embryonic kidney 293 cells expressing recombinant α4β2δ GABAA Rs, which represent a key extrasynaptic GABAA R isoform in the hippocampus and thalamus. Using bath application of low GABA concentrations to mimic activation by ambient neurotransmitter, we demonstrated a similar inhibition of receptor function following PKC activation at physiological temperature. Live cell imaging revealed that this was correlated with a loss of cell surface GABAA Rs. The inhibitory effects of PKC activation on α4β2δ GABAA R activity appeared to be mediated by direct phosphorylation at a previously identified site on the β2 subunit, serine 410. These results indicate that PKC-mediated phosphorylation can be an important physiological regulator of tonic GABAA R-mediated inhibition.

Type: Article
Title: Protein kinase C regulates tonic GABAA receptor-mediated inhibition in the hippocampus and thalamus.
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/ejn.12352
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ejn.12352
Additional information: © 2013 Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Full text made available to UCL Discovery by kind permission of Wiley.
Keywords: PKC, GABAA receptor, mouse, tonic inhibition
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Neuro, Physiology and Pharmacology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1414269
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