Engineered voltage-responsive nanopores.
CHEM SOC REV
1115 - 1132.
The creation of synthetic devices that mimic functionality of biological systems is a task of fundamental importance for the future development of bio- and nanotechnology and also an ultimate test of our understanding of the biological systems. Among a plethora of bio- inspired devices, designed nanopores and nanochannels with an embedded functionality are of particular interest because of their potential applications in nanofluidic electronics, biosensing, separation, synthetic biology, and single-molecule manipulation. In this respect, nanopores with built-in stimulus-responsive properties are of special benefit. A transmembrane potential is a particularly useful stimulus as it is non-invasive, tunable, and can act over a short time scale. This critical review considers engineered solid-state and protein nanopores with voltage-responsive properties. The engineered systems show nonlinear current-voltage curves, and/or voltage-dependent switching between discrete conductance states (141 references).
|Title:||Engineered voltage-responsive nanopores|
|Keywords:||DNA HAIRPIN MOLECULES, ION-CURRENT RECTIFICATION, SINGLE-NUCLEOTIDE RESOLUTION, SYNTHETIC CONICAL NANOPORES, SEQUENCE-SPECIFIC DETECTION, TUNABLE NANOFLUIDIC DIODE, PROTEIN PORE, ASYMMETRIC NANOPORES, NANOTUBULE MEMBRANES, TRANSPORT-PROPERTIES|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Chemistry|
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