UCL logo

UCL Discovery

UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Analysis and interpretation of cost data in randomised controlled trials: review of published studies.

Barber, JA; Thompson, SG; (1998) Analysis and interpretation of cost data in randomised controlled trials: review of published studies. BMJ , 317 (7167) pp. 1195-1200.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To review critically the statistical methods used for health economic evaluations in randomised controlled trials where an estimate of cost is available for each patient in the study. DESIGN: Survey of published randomised trials including an economic evaluation with cost values suitable for statistical analysis; 45 such trials published in 1995 were identified from Medline. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The use of statistical methods for cost data was assessed in terms of the descriptive statistics reported, use of statistical inference, and whether the reported conclusions were justified. RESULTS: Although all 45 trials reviewed apparently had cost data for each patient, only 9 (20%) reported adequate measures of variability for these data and only 25 (56%) gave results of statistical tests or a measure of precision for the comparison of costs between the randomised groups. Only 16 (36%) of the articles gave conclusions which were justified on the basis of results presented in the paper. No paper reported sample size calculations for costs. CONCLUSIONS: The analysis and interpretation of cost data from published trials reveal a lack of statistical awareness. Strong and potentially misleading conclusions about the relative costs of alternative therapies have often been reported in the absence of supporting statistical evidence. Improvements in the analysis and reporting of health economic assessments are urgently required. Health economic guidelines need to be revised to incorporate more detailed statistical advice.

Type: Article
Title: Analysis and interpretation of cost data in randomised controlled trials: review of published studies.
Location: England
Keywords: Cost-Benefit Analysis, Costs and Cost Analysis, Data Collection, Health Services Research, Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic, Sample Size, Sensitivity and Specificity
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Statistical Science
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1413620
Downloads since deposit
0Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item