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Electrically tunable spin injector free from the impedance mismatch problem

Ando, K; Takahashi, S; Ieda, J; Kurebayashi, H; Trypiniotis, T; Barnes, CHW; Maekawa, S; (2011) Electrically tunable spin injector free from the impedance mismatch problem. Nature Materials , 10 (9) pp. 655-659. 10.1038/nmat3052. Green open access

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Abstract

Injection of spin currents into solids is crucial for exploring spin physics and spintronics. There has been significant progress in recent years in spin injection into high-resistivity materials, for example, semiconductors and organic materials, which uses tunnel barriers to circumvent the impedance mismatch problem; the impedance mismatch between ferromagnetic metals and high-resistivity materials drastically limits the spin-injection efficiency. However, because of this problem, there is no route for spin injection into these materials through low-resistivity interfaces, that is, Ohmic contacts, even though this promises an easy and versatile pathway for spin injection without the need for growing high-quality tunnel barriers. Here we show experimental evidence that spin pumping enables spin injection free from this condition; room-temperature spin injection into GaAs from Ni81Fe19 through an Ohmic contact is demonstrated through dynamical spin exchange. Furthermore, we demonstrate that this exchange can be controlled electrically by applying a bias voltage across a Ni81Fe19/GaAs interface, enabling electric tuning of the spin-pumping efficiency.

Type: Article
Title: Electrically tunable spin injector free from the impedance mismatch problem
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/nmat3052
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nmat3052
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Semiconductors, Spintronics
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > London Centre for Nanotechnology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1410874
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