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Modelling and simulation as research tools in paediatric drug development.

Bellanti, F; Della Pasqua, O; (2011) Modelling and simulation as research tools in paediatric drug development. Eur J Clin Pharmacol , 67 Sup pp. 75-86. 10.1007/s00228-010-0974-3.

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Abstract

PURPOSE: Although practical and ethical constraints impose special requirements for the evaluation of treatment safety and efficacy in children, the main issue remains the empirical basis for patient stratification and dose selection at the early stage of the development of new chemical and biological entities. The aim of this review is to highlight the advantages and limitations of modelling and simulation (M&S) in supporting decision making during paediatric drug development. METHODS: A literature search on Pubmed's database Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) has been performed to retrieve relevant publications on the use of model-based approaches in paediatric drug development and therapeutics. RESULTS: M&S enable the assessment of the impact of different regimens as well as of different populations on a drug's safety and efficacy profile. It has been widely used in the last two decades to support pre-clinical and early clinical drug development. In fact, M&S have been applied to drug development as decision tools, as study optimization tools and as data analysis tools. In particular, this approach can be used to support dose adjustment in specific subgroups of a population. M&S may therefore allow the individualisation of drug therapy in children, improving the risk-benefit ratio in this population. CONCLUSIONS: The lack of consensus on how to assess the impact of developmental factors on pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, efficacy and safety has so far prevented a broader use of M&S. This problem is compounded by the limited collaboration between stakeholders, which prevents data sharing in this field. In this article, we emphasise the need for a concerted effort to promote the effective use of this technology in paediatric drug development and avoid unnecessary exposure of children to clinical trials.

Type: Article
Title: Modelling and simulation as research tools in paediatric drug development.
Location: Germany
DOI: 10.1007/s00228-010-0974-3
Keywords: Child, Clinical Trials as Topic, Computer Simulation, Drug Design, Humans, Models, Biological, Pediatrics, Risk Assessment
UCL classification: UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy > Pharmacology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1400974
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