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Recall and recognition confabulation in psychotic and bipolar disorders: Evidence for two different types without unitary mechanisms

Salazar-Fraile, J; Tabares-Seisdedos, R; Selva-Vera, G; Balanza-Martinez, V; Martinez-Arn, A; Catalan, J; Baldeweg, T; ... Gomez-Beneyto, M; + view all (2004) Recall and recognition confabulation in psychotic and bipolar disorders: Evidence for two different types without unitary mechanisms. COMPR PSYCHIAT , 45 (4) 281 - 288. 10.1016/j.comppsych.2004.03.007.

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Abstract

Several forms of confabulation have been identified recently in schizophrenic patients, but it has not yet been investigated whether these forms are specific to schizophrenia. Furthermore, the origin of confabulation is unclear. The present study investigated recall and recognition confabulation and their relations with symptomatology, cognitive domains (abstraction and flexibility, verbal fluency, verbal memory, motor activity, and visual-motor processing/attention), computed tomographic (CT) measures (ventricular, cerebral, and Sylvian fissure size), and auditory event-related potentials (amplitudes and latencies of peak components in oddball paradigms) in 33 schizophrenic patients, 35 bipolar I patients, eight schizoaffective patients, and seven patients with other psychotic disorders. We found that neither type of confabulation was specific of any diagnostic group. Recall confabulation was mainly predicted by the predominance of positive symptoms, while recognition confabulation was predicted by a delay in P300 latency and the doses of antipsychotics used. Our results suggest two different mechanisms for both types of confabulation based on interference with the adequate retrieval of information and slowness in early stimulus detection. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Type: Article
Title: Recall and recognition confabulation in psychotic and bipolar disorders: Evidence for two different types without unitary mechanisms
DOI: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2004.03.007
Keywords: SCHIZOPHRENIA, MEMORY, HALOPERIDOL, RISPERIDONE, TOMOGRAPHY, AMPLITUDE, FORM
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > ICH Developmental Neurosciences Prog
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/139748
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