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Structural and dynamic properties of the 1,10-dibromodecane/urea inclusion compound, investigated by variable-temperature powder X-ray diffraction, solid-state H-2 NMR lineshape analysis and solid-state H-2 NMR spin-lattice relaxation time measurements

Aliev, AE; Smart, SP; Shannon, IJ; Harris, KDM; (1996) Structural and dynamic properties of the 1,10-dibromodecane/urea inclusion compound, investigated by variable-temperature powder X-ray diffraction, solid-state H-2 NMR lineshape analysis and solid-state H-2 NMR spin-lattice relaxation time measurements. J CHEM SOC FARADAY T , 92 (12) 2179 - 2185.

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Abstract

Powder X-ray diffraction and solid-state H-2 NMR lineshape analysis and spin-lattice relaxation time measurements have been used to investigate structural and dynamic properties of the 1,10-dibromodecane/urea inclusion compound. This solid has the characteristic urea 'host' tunnel structure of conventional urea inclusion compounds and the 1,10-dibromodecane 'guest' molecules are located within these tunnels.Variable-temperature powder X-ray diffraction studies have demonstrated that a phase transition (at ca. 140-146 K) in 1,10-dibromodecane is associated with a change in the (average) symmetry of the urea tunnel structure from hexagonal (high-temperature phase) to orthorhombic (low-temperature phase) and is associated with only a minor structural distortion. From H-2 NMR spectroscopy of [H-2(20)]1,10-dibromodecane/urea, the dynamic properties of the guest molecules are best described as rotational diffusion in a six-fold cosine potential, and there is no significant discontinuity in this dynamic process at the phase-transition temperature. The results suggest that the dynamic properties of all CD2 groups in the guest molecule are indistinguishable (on the timescale of the H-2 NMR technique). H-2 NMR spectroscopy of 1,10-dibromodecane/[H-2(4)]urea indicates that, at sufficiently high temperature, the urea molecules undergo 180 degrees jumps about their C=O bonds. Activation parameters have been determined for the reorientational motions of the 1,10-dibromodecane and urea molecules.The structural and dynamic properties of the 1,10-dibromodecane/urea inclusion compound, determined in this work, are compared in detail with the corresponding properties determined previously for alkane/urea inclusion compounds.

Type:Article
Title:Structural and dynamic properties of the 1,10-dibromodecane/urea inclusion compound, investigated by variable-temperature powder X-ray diffraction, solid-state H-2 NMR lineshape analysis and solid-state H-2 NMR spin-lattice relaxation time measurements
Keywords:DEUTERIUM QUADRUPOLE-ECHO, NEUTRON-SCATTERING, MOLECULAR MOTIONS, PHASE-TRANSITION, UREA ADDUCTS, N-HEXADECANE, GUEST, SPECTROSCOPY, NONADECANE, PARAFFINS
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Chemistry

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