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Test of Xq26.3-28 linkage in bipolar and unipolar affective disorder in families selected for absence of male to male transmission

Smyth, C; Kalsi, G; Brynjolfsson, J; O'Neill, J; Curtis, D; Rifkin, L; Moloney, E; ... Gurling, H; + view all (1997) Test of Xq26.3-28 linkage in bipolar and unipolar affective disorder in families selected for absence of male to male transmission. Br J Psychiatry , 171 pp. 578-581.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: There have been several reports of linkage between genetic markers on the X chromosome at Xq26.3-28 and bipolar affective disorder in family samples obtained from distinct ethnic and geographical origins. As part of a genome search in a series of 23 UK and Icelandic families, specifically selected for their large size and power to resolve the issue of linkage heterogeneity, we have tested the hypothesis that there is a locus for a genetic subtype of bipolar affective disorder which is linked to this region. METHOD: In families selected on the basis of absent male to male transmission for affective disorder, we performed two-point and FASTMAP multipoint linkage analyses with markers spanning the region between the genetic loci DXS102 and F8. RESULTS: We found negative lod scores for several models of affection status in families selected under stringent and relaxed criteria for the absence of male to male transmission. CONCLUSIONS: In the family sample we have obtained, our study provides no support for the presence of a locus increasing genetic susceptibility to bipolar affective disorder in this region of the X chromosome. It is likely that our finding reflects heterogeneity of linkage for bipolar and genetically related unipolar disorder that exists in specific ethnic populations. Alternatively the X-linked subtype of the disorder may have been present only in a few of our small families resulting in loss of power to detect the Xq26.3-28 linked subtype.

Type: Article
Title: Test of Xq26.3-28 linkage in bipolar and unipolar affective disorder in families selected for absence of male to male transmission
Additional information: Smyth, C Kalsi, G Brynjolfsson, J O'Neill, J Curtis, D Rifkin, L Moloney, E Murphy, P Petursson, H Gurling, H eng Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't ENGLAND 1998/03/31 Br J Psychiatry. 1997 Dec;171:578-81. BACKGROUND: There have been several reports of linkage between genetic markers on the X chromosome at Xq26.3-28 and bipolar affective disorder in family samples obtained from distinct ethnic and geographical origins. As part of a genome search in a series of 23 UK and Icelandic families, specifically selected for their large size and power to resolve the issue of linkage heterogeneity, we have tested the hypothesis that there is a locus for a genetic subtype of bipolar affective disorder which is linked to this region. METHOD: In families selected on the basis of absent male to male transmission for affective disorder, we performed two-point and FASTMAP multipoint linkage analyses with markers spanning the region between the genetic loci DXS102 and F8. RESULTS: We found negative lod scores for several models of affection status in families selected under stringent and relaxed criteria for the absence of male to male transmission. CONCLUSIONS: In the family sample we have obtained, our study provides no support for the presence of a locus increasing genetic susceptibility to bipolar affective disorder in this region of the X chromosome. It is likely that our finding reflects heterogeneity of linkage for bipolar and genetically related unipolar disorder that exists in specific ethnic populations. Alternatively the X-linked subtype of the disorder may have been present only in a few of our small families resulting in loss of power to detect the Xq26.3-28 linked subtype.
Keywords: *Genetic Linkage Genotype Humans Male Mood Disorders/*genetics Pedigree X Chromosome/*genetics
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Genetics, Evolution and Environment
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1395467
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