UCL logo

UCL Discovery

UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

A review of the physical geography of malta and its significance for tectonic geomorphology

Alexander, D; (1988) A review of the physical geography of malta and its significance for tectonic geomorphology. Quaternary Science Reviews , 7 (1) pp. 41-53. 10.1016/0277-3791(88)90092-3.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

This article reviews the literature on the structure, tectonics and stratigraphy of the Maltese Islands in order to assess their influence on the evolution of geomorphic features. Vertical movements have dominated the development of the islands. Specifically, an extinct pre-Pliocene rift system is cross-cut by a Quaternary rift system, in which both normal and transcurrent faulting are still active. Faunal remains indicate that a land bridge with Sicily and perhaps North Africa existed during the Pleistocene, but since then the land has subsided continuously and the coasts of the islands are now dominated by features of submergence, especially to the north-east, where downward rotation has quickened the process. The origin and explanation of syndepositional dolines and of shore platforms remain controversial, but the drainage patterns and stream profiles in the interior of Malta and Gozo Islands can be explained with reference to the pattern of sub-vertical faults and fractures and the varying resistances of the five main lithostratigraphic units that make up the entire geological succession of the archipelago. Thus the islands serve as a relatively simple example of the Quaternary evolution of limestone scenery of uncomplicated lithology and heavy dependence on vertical tectonic movements. © 1988.

Type: Article
Title: A review of the physical geography of malta and its significance for tectonic geomorphology
DOI: 10.1016/0277-3791(88)90092-3
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1391550
Downloads since deposit
0Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item