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Photoelectron spectroscopy studies of barium films on diamond with respect to the modification of negative electron affinity characteristics

Jones, FH; Molloy, AB; Loh, KP; Foord, JS; Jackman, RB; (1998) Photoelectron spectroscopy studies of barium films on diamond with respect to the modification of negative electron affinity characteristics. DIAMOND AND RELATED MATERIALS , 7 (2-5) 651 - 655.

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Abstract

Efficient low-field emission of electrons from diamond requires surface treatments that lead to the occurrence of a negative or low positive electron affinity. The deposition of caesium/caesium oxide films has produced some of the best field emitters to date, but such films have been shown to be thermally unstable. In order to investigate further the nature and properties of deposited films, treatment of a single crystal diamond (111) surface with barium has been carried out. The him thickness and chemical composition have been determined and the electronic properties ascertained, with particular focus on negative electron affinity behaviour. The thermal stability has also been probed. The properties of the Ba adlayers have been found to differ significantly from those of deposited Cs films. In particular, the nature of the reactive interface between the metal and the diamond substrate is quite dissimilar in both cases. Further, the barium overlayers are notably more stable with respect to heat treatment, with treated surfaces retaining negative electron affinity character, even after heating to beyond 1000 degrees C. (C) 1998 Published by Elsevier Science S.A.

Type: Article
Title: Photoelectron spectroscopy studies of barium films on diamond with respect to the modification of negative electron affinity characteristics
Location: EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND
Keywords: photoelectron spectroscopy, barium films, negative electron affinity, SCHOTTKY-BARRIER, PHOTOEMISSION, SURFACES, DESORPTION, OXIDATION, INTERFACE, EMISSION, HYDROGEN, STATES, MODEL
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute > Restorative Dental Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Electronic and Electrical Eng
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/139014
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