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Does social support protect against depression & psychological distress? Findings from the RELACHS study of East London adolescents.

Khatib, Y; Bhui, K; Stansfeld, SA; (2013) Does social support protect against depression & psychological distress? Findings from the RELACHS study of East London adolescents. J Adolesc , 36 (2) pp. 393-402. 10.1016/j.adolescence.2013.01.001.

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Abstract

Few prospective studies have examined the relationship between social support and psychological distress and depressive symptoms in adolescents. The aims of this study were to test whether social support is protective against psychological distress and depressive symptoms in an ethnically diverse population of adolescents and whether differences in support are reflected by ethnic differences in psychological distress and depressive symptoms. Based on a longitudinal survey of 821 adolescents, this study found low levels of social support from family members was prospectively associated with depressive symptoms (OR = 2.25, 95% CI 1.43-3.54). Compared with White UK pupils, Black pupils were less likely to display psychological distress (OR = 0.21, 95% CI 0.09-0.51). However, social support did not explain the ethnic variations in psychological distress. Family environment may be a more consistent source of support compared with support from peers. The lower risk of psychological distress among Black pupils compared to White pupils requires further investigation.

Type: Article
Title: Does social support protect against depression & psychological distress? Findings from the RELACHS study of East London adolescents.
Location: England
DOI: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2013.01.001
Keywords: Adolescent, Child, Confidence Intervals, Depression, Female, Humans, London, Male, Odds Ratio, Prospective Studies, Social Support, Stress, Psychological, Surveys and Questionnaires
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > UCL Medical School
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1385894
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