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MMP-1 drives immunopathology in human tuberculosis and transgenic mice.

Elkington, P; Shiomi, T; Breen, R; Nuttall, RK; Ugarte-Gil, CA; Walker, NF; Saraiva, L; ... Friedland, JS; + view all (2011) MMP-1 drives immunopathology in human tuberculosis and transgenic mice. J Clin Invest , 121 (5) pp. 1827-1833. 10.1172/JCI45666.

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Abstract

Mycobacterium tuberculosis can cause lung tissue damage to spread, but the mechanisms driving this immunopathology are poorly understood. The breakdown of lung matrix involves MMPs, which have a unique ability to degrade fibrillar collagens at neutral pH. To determine whether MMPs play a role in the immunopathology of tuberculosis (TB), we profiled MMPs and their inhibitors, the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMPs), in sputum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from patients with TB and symptomatic controls. MMP-1 concentrations were significantly increased in both HIV-negative and HIV-positive patients with TB, while TIMP concentrations were lower in HIV-negative TB patients. In primary human monocytes, M. tuberculosis infection selectively upregulated MMP1 gene expression and secretion, and Ro32-3555, a specific MMP inhibitor, suppressed M. tuberculosis-driven MMP-1 activity. Since the mouse MMP-1 ortholog is not expressed in the lung and mice infected with M. tuberculosis do not develop tissue destruction equivalent to humans, we infected transgenic mice expressing human MMP-1 with M. tuberculosis to investigate whether MMP-1 caused lung immunopathology. In the MMP-1 transgenic mice, M. tuberculosis infection increased MMP-1 expression, resulting in alveolar destruction in lung granulomas and significantly greater collagen breakdown. In summary, MMP-1 may drive tissue destruction in TB and represents a therapeutic target to limit immunopathology.

Type: Article
Title: MMP-1 drives immunopathology in human tuberculosis and transgenic mice.
Location: United States
DOI: 10.1172/JCI45666
Keywords: Animals, Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid, Cell Movement, Enzyme Inhibitors, Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic, HIV Infections, HIV Seropositivity, Humans, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Imidazoles, Immune System, Matrix Metalloproteinase 1, Mice, Mice, Transgenic, Monocytes, Tuberculosis
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Respiratory Medicine
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1384670
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