Blankenburg, F. and Ruff, C.C. and Bestmann, S. and Bjoertomt, O. and Eshel, N. and Josephs, O. and Weiskopf, N. and Driver, J. (2008) Interhemispheric effect of parietal TMS on somatosensory response confirmed directly with concurrent TMS-fMRI. Journal of Neuroscience , 28 (49) pp. 13202-13208. 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3043-08.2008.
|PDF - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader|
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has been used to document some apparent interhemispheric influences behaviorally, with TMS over right parietal cortex reported to enhance processing of touch for the ipsilateral right hand (Seyal, Ro & Rafal, 1995). However, the neural bases of such apparent interhemispheric influences from TMS remain unknown. Here, we studied this directly by combining TMS with concurrent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). We applied bursts of 10-Hz TMS over right parietal cortex, at high or low intensity, during two sensory contexts: either without any other stimulation, or while participants received median-nerve stimulation to the right wrist, which projects to left primary somatosensory cortex (SI). TMS to right parietal cortex affected BOLD signal in left SI, with high-versus-low intensity TMS increasing the left SI signal during right-wrist somatosensory input, but decreasing this in the absence of somatosensory input. This state-dependent modulation of SI by parietal TMS over the other hemisphere was accompanied by a related pattern of TMS-induced influences in thalamus, as revealed by region-of-interest analyses there. A behavioral experiment confirmed that the same right-parietal TMS protocol of 10Hz bursts led to enhanced detection of peri-threshold electrical stimulation of the right median nerve, which is initially processed in left S1. Our results confirm directly that TMS over right parietal cortex can affect processing in left SI of the other hemisphere, with rivalrous effects (possibly transcallosal) arising in the absence of somatosensory input, but facilitatory effects (possibly involving thalamic circuitry) in the presence of driving somatosensory input.
|Title:||Interhemispheric effect of parietal TMS on somatosensory response confirmed directly with concurrent TMS-fMRI|
|Open access status:||An open access version is available from UCL Discovery|
|Keywords:||TMS, fMRI, interhemispheric, rivalry, somatosensory, SI|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Neurology > Imaging Neuroscience|
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Psychology and Language Sciences (Division of) > Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Neurology > Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders
View download statistics for this item
Activity - last month
Activity - last 12 months
Archive Staff Only: edit this record