Patterns of junctional communication during development of the early amphibian embryo.
Cell-cell communication through gap junctions was examined in Xenopus laevis embryos between the 16-cell and early blastula stages using Lucifer Yellow, Fluorescein, lead EDTA and dicyanoargentate as probes of junctional permeability. Injections were made into cells whose position was identified with respect to the primary cleavage axis and the grey crescent. FITC dextrans revealed cytoplasmic bridges between the injected cell and its sister only. In the animal pole at the 16-cell stage at the future dorsal side of the embryo, Lucifer Yellow was frequently and extensively transferred between cells through gap junctions. At the future ventral side gap junctional transfer of Lucifer Yellow was significantly less frequent and less extensive. The asymmetry of transfer between future dorsal and ventral sides of the animal pole was more marked at the 32-cell stage. In the vegetal pole also at the 32-cell stage, a dorsoventral difference in junctional permeability to Lucifer Yellow was observed. At the 64-cell stage the transfer of Lucifer Yellow was relatively frequent between cells lying in the same radial segment in the animal pole; transfer into cells outside each segment was infrequent, except at the grey crescent. At the 128-cell stage, Lucifer transfer between future dorsal or future ventral cells in the equatorial region was infrequent. A high incidence of transfer was restored at the future dorsal side at the 256-cell stage. At the 32-cell stage, fluorescein was infrequently transferred between animal pole cells although lead EDTA moved from cell to cell with high, comparable frequency in future dorsal and ventral regions. Dicyanoargentate always transferred extensively, both at the 32- and 64-cell stages. Treatment of embryos with methylamine raised intracellular pH by 0.15 units, increased the electrical conductance of the gap junction and produced a 10-fold increase in the frequency of Lucifer Yellow transfer through gap junctions in future ventral regions of the animal pole at the 32-cell stage.
|Title:||Patterns of junctional communication during development of the early amphibian embryo.|
|Keywords:||Animals, Cell Communication, Embryo, Nonmammalian, Intercellular Junctions, Microscopy, Electron, Xenopus laevis|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
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