The role of gap junctions in patterning of the chick limb bud.
The role of gap junctional communication during patterning of the chick limb has been investigated. Affinity-purified antibodies raised against rat liver gap junctional proteins were used to block communication between limb mesenchyme cells. Co-injection of the antibodies and Lucifer yellow into mesenchyme cultures demonstrated that communication was inhibited almost immediately. When antibodies were loaded into mesenchyme tissue by DMSO permeabilization, [3H]nucleotide transfer was prevented for at least 16 h. Polarizing region tissue from the posterior limb bud margin causes digit duplications when grafted to the anterior margin. Quail polarizing region cells were loaded with gap junction antibody and grafted into chick wing buds. The antibody had no effect on growth or survival of the grafted cells. As very few polarizing region cells are required to initiate duplications, the number of polarizing region cells in the grafts was reduced by diluting 1:9 with anterior mesenchyme tissue. When either polarizing region or anterior mesenchyme tissue in the graft was loaded separately with antibody, there was little effect on respecification of the digit pattern. However, loading both tissues in the graft caused a significant decrease in duplications. This indicates that a major role of gap junctions in limb patterning may be to enable polarizing region cells to communicate directly with adjacent anterior mesenchyme. A role for gap junctional communication between anterior mesenchyme cells cannot be excluded. The results are discussed in relation to the role of retinoic acid as a putative morphogen.
|Title:||The role of gap junctions in patterning of the chick limb bud.|
|Keywords:||Animals, Cell Communication, Cell Division, Cells, Cultured, Chick Embryo, Connexins, Dimethyl Sulfoxide, Extremities, Fluorescent Dyes, Freeze Fracturing, Intercellular Junctions, Isoquinolines, Membrane Proteins, Morphogenesis, Permeability, Quail, Tretinoin|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
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