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25-hydroxyvitamin D, IGF-1, and metabolic syndrome at 45 years of age

Hypponen, E; Boucher, BJ; Berry, DJ; Power, C; (2008) 25-hydroxyvitamin D, IGF-1, and metabolic syndrome at 45 years of age. DIABETES , 57 (2) 298 - 305. 10.2337/db07-1122.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE-Hypovitarninosis D and reduced IGF-1 are associated, individually, with metabolic syndrome. Physiological interactions between vitamin D and IGF-1 are reported; this is the first study to investigate their combined associations with metabolic syndrome prevalence. RESEARCHDESIGN AND METHODS-Data on 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), IGF-1, and metabolic syndrome abnormalities (abdominal obesity; raised A1C, blood pressure, and triglycerides; and low HDL cholesterol) were collected from 6,810 British white subjects in the 1958 cohort, surveyed during 2002-2004 (age 45 years).RESULTS-IGF-1 concentrations increased with 25(OH)D up to similar to 7-85 nmol/l but not thereafter. Both 25(OH)D and IGF-1 were inversely associated with metabolic syndrome. There was art interaction between 25(OH)D and IGF-1 (P = 0.025) on metabotic syndrome prevalence: IGF-1 was not significantly associated with metabolic syndrome among those with the lowest levels of 25(OH)D (P > 0.09), whereas higher 25(OH)D was associated with metabolic syndrome at all IGF-1 concentrations (P <= 0.006). Metabolic syndrome prevalence was lowest for participants with the highest concentrations of both 25(OH)D and IGF-1 (odds ratio for highest vs. lowest third of both 0.26 [95% CI 0.17-0.40], P < 0.0001; adjusted for sex, month, hour, inactivity, alcohol consumption, smoking, and social class). 2.5(OH)D was associated with the prevalence of high A1C, blood pressure, and triglycerides after adjustment for IGF-1, obesity, and social and lifestyle variations (P <= 0.004 for all comparisons).CONCLUSIONS-Serum 25(OH)D is inversely associated with metabolic syndrome, whereas the inverse association with IGF-1 was found only among those without hypovitaminosis D. These results suggest that metabolic syndrome prevalence is the lowest when both 2.5(OH)D and IGF-1 are high.

Type: Article
Title: 25-hydroxyvitamin D, IGF-1, and metabolic syndrome at 45 years of age
DOI: 10.2337/db07-1122
Keywords: GROWTH-FACTOR-I, VITAMIN-D STATUS, NUTRITION EXAMINATION SURVEY, BRITISH BIRTH COHORT, 3RD NATIONAL-HEALTH, APOLIPOPROTEIN-A-I, BLOOD-PRESSURE, SERUM 25-HYDROXYVITAMIN-D, HYPOVITAMINOSIS-D, BETA-CELL
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > ICH Developmental Neurosciences Prog
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > ICH Pop, Policy and Practice Prog
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/137831
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