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Cross-correlation of cyclosporine concentrations and biochemical measures of kidney and liver function in heart and heart-lung transplant recipients.
(8 Pt 1)
Cross-correlation of cyclosporine concentrations with results of biochemical tests of renal and liver function, measured during the first three months post-operatively, was carried out retrospectively in 24 heart and eight heart-lung transplant recipients to assess the temporal relationship between cyclosporine treatment and the development of possible toxic side-effects. We found a statistically significant negative correlation (95% confidence interval of the mean correlation coefficient did not overlap zero) between the five-day mean concentration of cyclosporine in whole blood (but not plasma) as measured with nonselective (NSRIA) and selective radioimmunoassays (SRIA) and the mean reciprocal creatinine concentration measured in the subsequent five days. In 15 of 32 (47%) patients the negative correlation coefficient exceeded 0.7 (high susceptibility), whereas in 11 of 32 (34%) it was between 0.5 and 0.7 (medium susceptibility), and in only six of 32 (19%) was it less than 0.3 (low susceptibility). We found no consistent correlations between cyclosporine measurements and results of other renal-function tests or liver-function tests. This suggests that therapeutic doses of the drug are not hepatotoxic in most patients. There was, however, a significantly correlated decrease in the NSRIA/SRIA ratio and in serum bilirubin concentration with time post-operatively, reflecting improvement in hepatic function and clearance of the cyclosporine metabolites that are detected by NSRIA. Assays of cyclosporine in whole blood, but not in plasma, are of value in anticipating changes in renal function after heart and heart-lung transplantation.
|Title:||Cross-correlation of cyclosporine concentrations and biochemical measures of kidney and liver function in heart and heart-lung transplant recipients.|
|Keywords:||Biomarkers, Cyclosporins, Heart Transplantation, Humans, Kidney Function Tests, Liver Function Tests, Lung Transplantation, Time Factors|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Child Health
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