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Finding Evidence for Massive Neutrinos using 3D Weak Lensing

Kitching, TD; Heavens, AF; Verde, L; Serra, P; Melchiorri, A; (2008) Finding Evidence for Massive Neutrinos using 3D Weak Lensing. Phys.Rev.D , 77 103008 - ?. 10.1103/PhysRevD.77.103008.

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In this paper we investigate the potential of 3D cosmic shear to constrain massive neutrino parameters. We find that if the total mass is substantial (near the upper limits from LSS, but setting aside the Ly alpha limit for now), then 3D cosmic shear + Planck is very sensitive to neutrino mass and one may expect that a next generation photometric redshift survey could constrain the number of neutrinos N_nu and the sum of their masses m_nu to an accuracy of dN_nu ~ 0.08 and dm_nu ~ 0.03 eV respectively. If in fact the masses are close to zero, then the errors weaken to dN_nu ~ 0.10 and dm_nu~0.07 eV. In either case there is a factor 4 improvement over Planck alone. We use a Bayesian evidence method to predict joint expected evidence for N_nu and m_nu. We find that 3D cosmic shear combined with a Planck prior could provide `substantial' evidence for massive neutrinos and be able to distinguish `decisively' between many competing massive neutrino models. This technique should `decisively' distinguish between models in which there are no massive neutrinos and models in which there are massive neutrinos with |N_nu-3| > 0.35 and m_nu > 0.25 eV. We introduce the notion of marginalised and conditional evidence when considering evidence for individual parameter values within a multi-parameter model.

Type: Article
Title: Finding Evidence for Massive Neutrinos using 3D Weak Lensing
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.77.103008
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.77.103008
Additional information: 9 pages, 2 Figures, 2 Tables, submitted to Physical Review D
Keywords: astro-ph, astro-ph
UCL classification: UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Space and Climate Physics
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1375615
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