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Bayesian Galaxy Shape Measurement for Weak Lensing Surveys -II. Application to Simulations

Kitching, TD; Miller, L; Heymans, CE; Waerbeke, LV; Heavens, AF; (2008) Bayesian Galaxy Shape Measurement for Weak Lensing Surveys -II. Application to Simulations. 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13628.x.

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Abstract

We extend the Bayesian model fitting shape measurement method presented in Miller et al. (2007) and use the method to estimate the shear from the Shear TEsting Programme simulations (STEP). The method uses a fast model fitting algorithm which uses realistic galaxy profiles and analytically marginalises over the position and amplitude of the model by doing the model fitting in Fourier space. This is used to find the full posterior probability in ellipticity so that the shear can be estimated in a fully Bayesian way. The Bayesian shear estimation allows measurement bias arising from the presence of random noise to be removed. In this paper we introduce an iterative algorithm that can be used to estimate the intrinsic ellipticity prior and show that this is accurate and stable. By using the method to estimate the shear from the STEP1 simulations we find the method to have a shear bias of m ~ 0.005 and a variation in shear offset with PSF type of sigma_c ~ 0.0002. These values are smaller than for any method presented in the STEP1 publication that behaves linearly with shear. Using the method to estimate the shear from the STEP2 simulations we find than the shear bias and offset are m ~ 0.002 and c ~ -0.0007 respectively. In addition we find that the bias and offset are stable to changes in magnitude and size of the galaxies. Such biases should yield any cosmological constraints from future weak lensing surveys robust to systematic effects in shape measurement.

Type:Article
Title:Bayesian Galaxy Shape Measurement for Weak Lensing Surveys -II. Application to Simulations
DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13628.x
Publisher version:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13628.x
Additional information:19 pages, 11 Figures, 2 Tables, submitted to MNRAS. Companion paper to Miller et al. (2007) arXiv:0708.2340
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Space and Climate Physics

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