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The effects of oestrogen administration on tryptophan metabolism in rats and in menopausal women receiving hormone replacement therapy

Bender, DA; Laing, AE; Vale, JA; Papadaki, L; Pugh, M; (1983) The effects of oestrogen administration on tryptophan metabolism in rats and in menopausal women receiving hormone replacement therapy. Biochemical Pharmacology , 32 (5) pp. 843-8.

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Abstract

The effects of the administration of oestrogens on the activity of hepatic tryptophan oxygenase have been assessed both directly (by measurement of enzyme activity in vitro) and indirectly (by measurement of urinary excretion of tryptophan metabolites) in rats, and indirectly in menopausal women receiving hormone replacement therapy. Intraperitoneal administration of 500 micrograms of oestradiol or ethinyl oestradiol/kg body wt had no effect on the activity of tryptophan oxygenase in homogenates of liver from mature (13-week-old) female rats. Both adrenalectomy and ovariectomy led to a reduction in the activity of tryptophan oxygenase in homogenates of liver from mature rats; again there was no effect of giving 500 micrograms of oestradiol/kg body wt by intraperitoneal injection. Intraperitoneal administration of 210 micrograms of oestrone sulphate/kg body wt for 1 or 2 days before killing, or its incorporation in the diet for up to 8 weeks at an equivalent dose rate, had no effect on the activity of tryptophan oxygenase in homogenates of liver from ovariectomized 6-14-week-old female rats. Intraperitoneal administration of 500 micrograms oestradiol/kg body wt to intact mature female rats together with 500 mg tryptophan/kg body wt caused a reduction in the urinary excretion of xanthurenic and kynurenic acids, kynurenine and N1-methyl nicotinamide. When peri- and post-menopausal women were treated with ethinyl oestradiol (20 micrograms/day) or piperazine oestrone sulphate (3 mg/day) for 3 months, there was an increase in the concn of tryptophan in plasma, with no change in the urinary excretion of xanthurenic and kynurenic acids and kynurenine. This study provides no evidence for the induction of tryptophan oxygenase by oestrogens in rats or human beings.

Type: Article
Title: The effects of oestrogen administration on tryptophan metabolism in rats and in menopausal women receiving hormone replacement therapy
Additional information: 0006-2952 (Print)Journal ArticleResearch Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords: Adrenalectomy, Animals, Castration, Estrogens, pharmacology, Female, Humans, Liver, enzymology, Menopause, drug effects, Rats, Inbred Strains, Tryptophan, metabolism, Tryptophan Oxygenase
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/137525
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