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Ex vivo hypothermic recirculatory adenoviral gene transfer to the transplanted pig heart.

Oi, K; Davies, WR; Tazelaar, HD; Bailey, KR; Federspiel, MJ; Russell, SJ; McGregor, CGA; (2006) Ex vivo hypothermic recirculatory adenoviral gene transfer to the transplanted pig heart. J Gene Med , 8 (7) pp. 795-803. 10.1002/jgm.913.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: To facilitate the application of adenoviral gene therapy in clinical heart transplantation, we developed an ex vivo hypothermic recirculatory adenoviral gene transfer method to the transplanted pig heart. METHODS: Experimental animals were assigned into three groups; controls, 1x10(8) plaque-forming units (pfu)/ml group and 1x10(9) pfu/ml group. During the 30 min gene transfer perfusion, 200 ml of University of Wisconsin solution containing the adenoviral vector was recirculated through the coronary vessels. The myocardial temperature was maintained below 4 degrees C and the perfusion pressure was adjusted at 50 mmHg. RESULTS: Cardiac myocyte transduction efficiencies in the 1x10(8) pfu/ml group were 0.04% and 0.07%, whereas transduction efficiencies in the 1x10(9) pfu/ml group were widely distributed from 0.45% to 22.62%. The gene transduction efficiency increased with the virus titer. Additionally, no difference in the transduction efficiency was observed between different segments of the left ventricle. The current gene transfer method at 1x10(9) pfu/ml of adenovirus titer enabled homogeneous gene transduction into the transplanted pig heart up to a maximum of 22.62%. CONCLUSIONS: This model can be applied to a large isolated heart and will greatly facilitate the investigation of gene therapy in large animal models of heart transplantation.

Type: Article
Title: Ex vivo hypothermic recirculatory adenoviral gene transfer to the transplanted pig heart.
Location: England
DOI: 10.1002/jgm.913
Keywords: Adenoviridae, Animals, Cold Temperature, Edema, Gene Transfer Techniques, Genetic Therapy, Genetic Vectors, Heart Transplantation, In Vitro Techniques, Perfusion, Sus scrofa, Transduction, Genetic, Transplantation, Homologous
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Pre-clinical and Fundamental Science
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1373700
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