UCL logo

UCL Discovery

UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Cyclosporine decreases vascular progenitor cell numbers after cardiac transplantation and attenuates progenitor cell growth in vitro.

Davies, WR; Wang, S; Oi, K; Bailey, KR; Tazelaar, HD; Caplice, NM; McGregor, CGA; (2005) Cyclosporine decreases vascular progenitor cell numbers after cardiac transplantation and attenuates progenitor cell growth in vitro. J Heart Lung Transplant , 24 (11) pp. 1868-1877. 10.1016/j.healun.2005.04.004.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Recent experimental evidence suggests that the neointimal proliferation seen in cardiac allograft vasculopathy may in part derive from recipient progenitor cells. The effect of cyclosporine on these circulating progenitors in the setting of cardiac transplantation is currently unknown. METHODS: Three surgical series were performed: sham operation alone, sham operation with immunosuppression, and heterotopic porcine cardiac transplantation with immunosuppression. The sham operation involved laparotomy and consecutive clamping of the abdominal aorta and inferior vena cava. Post-operative immunosuppression consisted of cyclosporine at therapeutic levels (100-300 ng/ml) and 0.5 mg/kg methylprednisolone. Endothelial outgrowth colony numbers (EOC(CFU)) and smooth muscle outgrowth colony numbers (SOC(CFU)) were quantified weekly for 4 weeks post-operatively. A series of in vitro experiments were performed to determine the effect of cyclosporine on the differentiation, migration, and proliferation of EOCs and SOCs. RESULTS: In the sham alone series there were no changes to either EOC(CFU) or SOC(CFU). In the sham with immunosuppression and the transplant series, both EOC(CFU) and SOC(CFU) fell in the first 2 weeks (p < 0.05) compared with baseline (EOC(CFU), 3.4 +/- 0.6; SOC(CFU), 11.1 +/- 2.8). EOC(CFU) recovered at 4 weeks to above baseline levels in the sham immunosuppression group only (15.2 +/- 3.9; p = 0.01). SOC(CFU) showed no recovery in the immunosuppression groups. Cyclosporine, even at a low dose, prevented differentiation, inhibited proliferation, and attenuated migration of both EOCs and SOCs. CONCLUSION: Immunosuppression in the setting of cardiac transplantation causes a profound reduction in circulating progenitor cells capable of differentiating into endothelial and smooth muscle cells. This effect can in part be explained by the inhibitory effects of cyclosporine on progenitor growth and differentiation seen in this study.

Type: Article
Title: Cyclosporine decreases vascular progenitor cell numbers after cardiac transplantation and attenuates progenitor cell growth in vitro.
Location: United States
DOI: 10.1016/j.healun.2005.04.004
Keywords: Animals, Cell Count, Cell Differentiation, Cell Movement, Cell Proliferation, Colony-Forming Units Assay, Cyclosporine, Endothelium, Vascular, Heart Transplantation, Immunohistochemistry, Immunophenotyping, Male, Models, Animal, Muscle, Smooth, Vascular, Postoperative Period, Stem Cells, Swine
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Pre-clinical and Fundamental Science
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1373689
Downloads since deposit
0Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item