UCL logo

UCL Discovery

UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Operative risk of reoperative aortic valve replacement.

Potter, DD; Sundt, TM; Zehr, KJ; Dearani, JA; Daly, RC; Mullany, CJ; McGregor, CGA; ... Orszulak, TA; + view all (2005) Operative risk of reoperative aortic valve replacement. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg , 129 (1) pp. 94-103. 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2004.08.023.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The contemporary risk of reoperative aortic valve replacement is ill-defined. We therefore compared the recent early results of reoperative and primary aortic valve replacement in our institution. METHODS: Between January 1993 and January 2001, a total of 162 patients underwent reoperative aortic valve replacement with or without coronary artery bypass grafting, and 2290 underwent primary aortic valve replacement with or without coronary artery bypass grafting. The reoperative and primary groups were similar with regard to gender (37% female in both), preoperative New York Heart Association functional class (2.8 +/- 1 vs 2.8 +/- 1), and ejection fraction (58% +/- 15% vs 57% +/- 15%). Patients undergoing reoperative aortic valve replacement were younger than those undergoing primary aortic valve replacement (64 +/- 15 years vs 70 +/- 13 years, P < .001). Previous prostheses were xenografts in 77 patients (48%), homografts and autografts in 25 (15%), and mechanical prostheses in 60 (37%). Mean time to reoperation was 9.7 +/- 6.8 years. RESULTS: Early mortality for reoperative aortic valve replacement (8/162, 5%) was not statistically different from that for primary aortic valve replacement (71/2290, 3%, P = .20). Endocarditis was more common in the reoperative group (22% vs 3%, P < .001); when endocarditis was excluded from the analysis, early mortality was 3% in both groups. Multivariate predictors for early mortality were prosthetic valve endocarditis ( P < .001, odds ratio 9.8), advanced preoperative functional class ( P < .001, odds ratio 2.0), peripheral vascular disease ( P = .008, odds ratio 2.0), preserved left ventricular ejection fraction ( P = .004, odds ratio 0.98), and male gender ( P = .009, odds ratio 0.49). After adjustment for these factors, there was no difference in early mortality between the groups ( P = .095). CONCLUSION: The risk of reoperative aortic valve replacement is similar to that for primary aortic valve replacement. These data support the expanded use of bioprosthetic valves in younger patients.

Type: Article
Title: Operative risk of reoperative aortic valve replacement.
Location: United States
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2004.08.023
Keywords: Age Factors, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Aortic Valve Insufficiency, Aortic Valve Stenosis, Bioprosthesis, Cohort Studies, Female, Heart Valve Prosthesis, Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation, Humans, Logistic Models, Male, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Predictive Value of Tests, Prognosis, Prosthesis Failure, Reoperation, Retrospective Studies, Risk Assessment, Sex Factors, Survival Analysis, Treatment Outcome
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Pre-clinical and Fundamental Science
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1373681
Downloads since deposit
0Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item