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Quantum information processing in mesoscopic systems

GARCIA COELLO, JL; (2012) Quantum information processing in mesoscopic systems. Doctoral thesis , UCL (University College London). Green open access

PhDthesis JL Garcia Coello.pdf
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This thesis discusses various schemes and protocols for quantum information processing in mesoscopic systems with particular focus on using the spin of a particle as the bearer of information. The first chapter introduce various aspects of the field of quantum information used in this thesis such as qubits, entanglement, its quantification, quantum logic gates and entanglement swapping. In this chapter concepts such as AKLT states, decoherence and adiabatic elimination are introduced as they will be relevant in the thesis. In chapter 2 we introduce the Quantum Dots as the solid state system that will primarily be used as the hardware for the development of Quantum Information Processing (QIP). The different properties of quantum dots depending on their size are discussed. The exchange interaction between tunnel coupled quantum dots and the background of quantum computation in quantum dots is described. The principal sources of decoherence and the measurement techniques for spin qubits are presented. In chapter 3, carbon nanowires filled with N@C60 dimers are studied to analyse the entanglement between nuclear spins. The dimer is modelled as a two coupled nuclear spin- electron spin pair with a Heisenberg interaction. The entanglement have been studied depending on the temperature and the intensity of an external magnetic field. Witnessing the entanglement, and particularly bound entanglement are discussed. In chapter 4, the way to extract a singlet from a quantum dot is explored. The system that we model will be consisting of a triple dot and analyse the best way to get the singlet out, with each electron in a separate dot. The chief motivation is to create a singlet between separate dots in a time-scale much faster than that given by spinspin exchange interactions. In chapter 5, quantum logic gates in a triple dot system has been studied. Such gates have been widely studied in double and single quantum dots. Motivated by the advent of experimental set ups of triple dots, we have studied the natural quantum gates that came out of a triple dot system. There are still two spin quantum bits in the three dots and there is an empty intervening dot, which imparts the scheme some advantages, as well as a substantial difference from the class of schemes studied so far. In chapter 6, we model a large square dot. As we describe in chapter 2, the properties of the large dots make them behave with some interesting properties such as hosting Wigner molecules of electrons inside. We explore the application of these structures for quantum information processing. We show here how to get singlet/triplet measurement, entanglement swapping, and how to prepare a 1D AKLT state, using the square dot as a construction block of the system. Finally in chapter 7 conclusions and further work. Here we indicate the further work that could be done with the knowledge present in this thesis and motivated by future advances in the technology.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: Quantum information processing in mesoscopic systems
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1370589
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