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Tsunami generation by paddle motion and its interaction with a beach: Lagrangian modelling and experiment

Buldakov, E; (2013) Tsunami generation by paddle motion and its interaction with a beach: Lagrangian modelling and experiment. Coastal Engineering , 80 83 - 94. 10.1016/j.coastaleng.2013.05.008. Green open access

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Abstract

A 2D Lagrangian numerical wave model is presented and validated against a set of physical wave-flume experiments on interaction of tsunami waves with a sloping beach. An iterative methodology is proposed and applied for experimental generation of tsunami-like waves using a piston-type wavemaker with spectral control. Three distinct types of wave interaction with the beach are observed with forming of plunging or collapsing breaking waves. The Lagrangian model demonstrates good agreement with experiments. It proves to be efficient in modelling both wave propagation along the flume and initial stages of strongly non-linear wave interaction with a beach involving plunging breaking. Predictions of wave runup are in agreement with both experimental results and the theoretical runup law.

Type:Article
Title:Tsunami generation by paddle motion and its interaction with a beach: Lagrangian modelling and experiment
Open access status:An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI:10.1016/j.coastaleng.2013.05.008
Publisher version:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.coastaleng.2013.05.008
Language:English
Keywords:Lagrangian wave modelling, Tsunami run-up, Wave-flume experiment
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering

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