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Clathrin-mediated endocytosis of the beta-adrenergic receptor is regulated by phosphorylation/dephosphorylation of beta-arrestin1.

Lin, FT; Krueger, KM; Kendall, HE; Daaka, Y; Fredericks, ZL; Pitcher, JA; Lefkowitz, RJ; (1997) Clathrin-mediated endocytosis of the beta-adrenergic receptor is regulated by phosphorylation/dephosphorylation of beta-arrestin1. J Biol Chem , 272 (49) pp. 31051-31057. Gold open access

Abstract

beta-Arrestins serve a dual regulatory role in the life cycle of G protein-coupled receptors such as the beta2-adrenergic receptor. First, they mediate rapid desensitization by binding to G protein-coupled receptor kinase-phosphorylated receptors. Second, they target the receptors for internalization into endosomal vesicles, wherein receptor dephosphorylation and resensitization occur. Here we report that phosphorylation of a carboxyl-terminal serine (Ser-412) in beta-arrestin1 regulates its endocytotic but not its desensitization function. Cytoplasmic beta-arrestin1 is constitutively phosphorylated and is recruited to the plasma membrane by agonist stimulation of the receptors. At the plasma membrane, beta-arrestin1 is rapidly dephosphorylated, a process that is required for its clathrin binding and receptor endocytosis but not for its receptor binding and desensitization. Once internalized, beta-arrestin1 is rephosphorylated. Thus, as with the classical endocytic adaptor protein complex AP2, beta-arrestin1 functions as a clathrin adaptor in receptor endocytosis which is regulated by dephosphorylation at the plasma membrane.

Type: Article
Title: Clathrin-mediated endocytosis of the beta-adrenergic receptor is regulated by phosphorylation/dephosphorylation of beta-arrestin1.
Location: UNITED STATES
Open access status: An open access publication
Keywords: Amino Acid Substitution, Arrestins, Cell Line, Endocytosis, Humans, Mutagenesis, Phosphorylation, Protein Binding, Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-2, Serine
UCL classification: UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1369457
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