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The β-lactam-resistance modifier (-)-epicatechin gallate alters the architecture of the cell wall of Staphylococcus aureas

Stapleton, PD; Shah, S; Ehlert, K; Hara, Y; Taylor, PW; (2007) The β-lactam-resistance modifier (-)-epicatechin gallate alters the architecture of the cell wall of Staphylococcus aureas. Microbiology , 153 (7) pp. 2093-2103. 10.1099/mic.0.2007/007807-0.

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Abstract

(-)-Epicatechin gallate (ECg), a component of green tea, sensitizes meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) to β-lactam antibiotics, promotes staphylococcal cell aggregation and increases cell-wall thickness. The potentiation of β-lactam activity against MRSA by EGg was not due to decreased bacterial penicillin-binding protein (PBP) 2a expression or ECg binding to peptidoglycan. A 5-10 % reduction in peptidoglycan cross-linking was observed. Reduced cross-linking was insufficient to compromise the integrity of the cell wall and no evidence of PBP2a activity was detected in the muropeptide composition of ECg-grown cells. ECg increased the quantity of autolysins associated with the cell wall, even though the cells were less susceptible to Triton X-100-induced autolysis than cells grown in the absence of ECg. ECg promoted increased lysostaphin resistance that was not due to alteration of the pentaglycine cross-bridge configuration or inhibition of lysostaphin activity. Rather, decreased lysostaphin susceptibility was associated with structural changes to wall teichoic acid (WTA), an acid-labile component of peptidoglycan. ECg also promoted lipoteichoic acid (LTA) release from the cytoplasmic membrane. It is proposed that ECg reduces β-lactam resistance in MRSA either by binding to PBPs at sites distinct from the penicillin-binding site or by intercalation into the cytoplasmic membrane, displacing LTA from the phospholipid palisade. Thus, ECg-mediated alterations to the physical nature of the bilayer will elicit structural changes to WTA that result in modulation of the cell-surface properties necessary to maintain the β-lactam-resistant phenotype. © 2007 SGM.

Type: Article
Title: The β-lactam-resistance modifier (-)-epicatechin gallate alters the architecture of the cell wall of Staphylococcus aureas
DOI: 10.1099/mic.0.2007/007807-0
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy > Pharmaceutics
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy > SoP Pharmaceutical and Bio Chemistry
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1366992
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