A cross-national study of the stigmatization of severe psychiatric illness: historical review, methodological considerations and development of the questionnaire.
Despite their potential significance for public policy and health provision in different societies, popular conceptualizations of and social responses to severe psychiatric illness remain relatively unexamined. Two general research procedures may be identified: (1) the anthropological approach uses ethnographic methods to look at explicit categorizations, and (2) the sociological approach employs quantitative survey methods to examine the public ;stigma' of psychiatric illness. This article reviews methodological and conceptual approaches to the study of stigma and describes the development of an ethnographically grounded questionnaire to examine ;stigmatization' from data in different cultures. The difficulties of achieving cross-cultural comparability of meaning are discussed and the psychometric properties of the instrument are presented.
|Title:||A cross-national study of the stigmatization of severe psychiatric illness: historical review, methodological considerations and development of the questionnaire.|
|Keywords:||Attitude to Health, Cross-Cultural Comparison, Culture, Ethnic Groups, History, 20th Century, History, 21st Century, Humans, Mental Disorders, Psychiatry, Questionnaires, Stereotyping|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
UCL > School of Arts and Social Sciences > Faculty of Social and Historical Sciences
UCL > School of Arts and Social Sciences > Faculty of Social and Historical Sciences > Anthropology
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