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3D human body modelling from range data

Dekker, LD; (2000) 3D human body modelling from range data. Doctoral thesis, University of London. Green open access

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Abstract

This thesis describes the design, implementation and application of an integrated and fully automated system for interpreting whole-body range data. The system is shown to be capable of generating complete surface models of human bodies, and robustly extracting anatomical features for anthropometry, with minimal intrusion on the subject. The ability to automate this process has enormous potential for personalised digital models in medicine, ergonomics, design and manufacture and for populating virtual environments. The techniques developed within this thesis now form the basis of a commercial product. However, the technical difficulties are considerable. Human bodies are highly varied and many of the features of interest are extremely subtle. The underlying range data is typically noisy and is sparse at occluded areas. In addressing these problems this thesis makes five main research contributions. Firstly, the thesis describes the design, implementation and testing of the whole integrated and automated system from scratch, starting at the image capture hardware. At each stage the tradeoffs between performance criteria are discussed, and experiments are described to test the processes developed. Secondly, a combined data-driven and model-based approach is described and implemented, for surface reconstruction from the raw data. This method addresses the whole body surface, including areas where body segments touch, and other occluded areas. The third contribution is a library of operators, designed specifically for shape description and measurement of the human body. The library provides high-level relational attributes, an "electronic tape measure" to extract linear and curvilinear measurements,as well as low-level shape information, such as curvature. Application of the library is demonstrated by building a large set of detectors to find anthropometric features, based on the ISO 8559 specification. Output is compared against traditional manual measurements and a detailed analysis is presented. The discrepancy between these sets of data is only a few per cent on most dimensions, and the system's reproducibility is shown to be similar to that of skilled manual measurers. The final contribution is that the mesh models and anthropometric features, produced by the system, have been used as a starting point to facilitate other research, Such as registration of multiple body images,draping clothing and advanced surface modelling techniques.

Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Title:3D human body modelling from range data
Open access status:An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language:English
Additional information:Thesis digitised by British Library EThOS. Some images have been excluded due to third party copyright.
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Computer Science

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