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MANUAL DISCRIMINATION OF COMPLIANCE USING ACTIVE PINCH GRASP - THE ROLES OF FORCE AND WORK CUES

TAN, HZ; DURLACH, NI; BEAUREGARD, GL; SRINIVASAN, MA; (1995) MANUAL DISCRIMINATION OF COMPLIANCE USING ACTIVE PINCH GRASP - THE ROLES OF FORCE AND WORK CUES. PERCEPT PSYCHOPHYS , 57 (4) 495 - 510.

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Abstract

In these experiments, two plates were grasped between the thumb and the index finger and squeezed together along a linear track. The force resisting the squeeze, produced by an electromechanical system under computer control, was programmed to be either constant (in the case of the force discrimination experiments) or linearly increasing (in the case of the compliance discrimination experiments) over the squeezing displacement. After completing a set of basic psychophysical experiments on compliance resolution (Experiment 1), we performed further experiments to investigate whether work and/or terminal-force cues played a role in compliance discrimination. In Experiment 2, compliance and force discrimination experiments were conducted with a roving-displacement paradigm to dissociate work cues (and terminal-force cues for the compliance experiments) from compliance and force cues, respectively. The effect of trial-by-trial feedback on response strategy was also investigated. In Experiment 3, compliance discrimination experiments were conducted with work cues totally eliminated and terminal-force cues greatly reduced. Our results suggest that people tend to use mechanical work and force cues for compliance discrimination. When work and terminal-force cues were dissociated from compliance cues, compliance resolution was poor (22%) relative to force and length resolution. When work cues were totally eliminated, performance could be predicted from terminal-force cues. A parsimonious description of all data from the compliance experiments is that subjects discriminated compliance on the basis of terminal force.

Type:Article
Title:MANUAL DISCRIMINATION OF COMPLIANCE USING ACTIVE PINCH GRASP - THE ROLES OF FORCE AND WORK CUES
Keywords:PROXIMAL INTERPHALANGEAL JOINT, DIFFERENTIAL THRESHOLDS, PERCEPTUAL ANALYSIS, POSITION, FINGER, SENSE
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Computer Science

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