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Developments in brain-machine interfaces from the perspective of robotics

Kim, HK; Park, S; Srinivasan, MA; (2009) Developments in brain-machine interfaces from the perspective of robotics. HUM MOVEMENT SCI , 28 (2) 191 - 203. 10.1016/j.humov.2008.12.001.

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Abstract

Many patients suffer from the loss of motor skills, resulting from traumatic brain and spinal cord injuries, stroke, and many other disabling conditions. Thanks to technological advances in measuring and decoding the electrical activity of cortical neurons, brain-machine interfaces (BMI) have become a promising technology that can aid paralyzed individuals. In recent studies on BMI, robotic manipulators have demonstrated their potential as neuroprostheses. Restoring motor skills through robot manipulators controlled by brain signals may improve the quality of life of people with disability. This article reviews current robotic technologies that are relevant to BMI and suggests strategies that could improve the effectiveness of a brain-operated neuroprosthesis through robotics. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Type:Article
Title:Developments in brain-machine interfaces from the perspective of robotics
DOI:10.1016/j.humov.2008.12.001
Keywords:Brain-machine interface, Neuroprosthesis, Neuro-robot, MOTOR CORTICAL REPRESENTATION, DORSAL PREMOTOR CORTEX, ARM MOVEMENTS, SPINAL-CORD, COMPUTER INTERFACE, NEURAL PROSTHETICS, REACHING MOVEMENTS, UNSTABLE DYNAMICS, MUSCLE ACTIVATION, IMPEDANCE CONTROL
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Computer Science

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