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Democracy by Delegation? Who Represents Whom and How in European Governance

Bellamy, R; Castiglione, D; (2011) Democracy by Delegation? Who Represents Whom and How in European Governance. Government and Opposition , 46 (1) 101 - 125. 10.1111/j.1477-7053.2010.01332.x. Green open access


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The democratic legitimacy of European governance is often said to rest on its ‘output’. However, such arguments also make the implicit ‘input’ claim that the community method and new modes of governance offer a more participatory and deliberative style of democratic politics to standard democratic processes, which is best suited to represent the European interest. We test such claims by analysing them from three different perspectives: functional, societal and delegatory. We conclude that they are grounded on a substantive conception of representation in which the agents of European governance ‘stand’ or ‘act’ for the European public. However, such claims are empty without formal democratic processes of authorization and accountability that ensure European governance effectively promotes the democratic values of political equality and responsiveness.

Type: Article
Title: Democracy by Delegation? Who Represents Whom and How in European Governance
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/j.1477-7053.2010.01332.x
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1477-7053.2010.01332.x
Language: English
Additional information: © Cambridge University Press 2013. This article has been accepted for publication and will appear in a revised form, subsequent to peer review and/or editorial input by Cambridge University Press, in Government and Opposition published by Cambridge University Press.
UCL classification: UCL > School of Arts and Social Sciences
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1359225
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