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Experimental dosimetry for Microbeam Radiation Therapy

Brauer-Krisch, E; (2012) Experimental dosimetry for Microbeam Radiation Therapy. Doctoral thesis, UCL (University College London).

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Abstract

The thesis gives an overview on the preclinical results in Microbeam Radiation Therapy (MRT), a novel radiation therapy using microscopically small beams. In the first chapter preclinical results and biological observations after Microbeam Radiation Therapy are presented, in particular the normal tissue tolerance is highlighted. A chapter based on theoretical Monte Carlo dose calculations is summarizing a set of data on peak to valley dose ratios (PVDR) and relative dose distributions for various parameter settings, providing some guideline for preclinical studies. The main part of the thesis is focusing on the experimental dosimetry, on one side to measure the high dose rate in the homogenous field proposing the necessary corrections to be applied for absolute dose measurements and on the other side, to measure peak and valley dose. For the high resolution dose measurements of the spatially fractionated beam, results using several types of detectors are presented and discussed. Various results using Gafchromic film dosimetry in combination with a microdensitometer show slightly higher (~10-15 %) valley dose than the MC calculated values. Results of theoretical calculations of output factors and their experimental verification are in very good agreement. The great potential of interlaced Microbeams in an anthropomorphic phantom with one single high dose delivery is discussed, including the technical challenges to be mastered in the future.

Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Title:Experimental dosimetry for Microbeam Radiation Therapy
Language:English
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Medical Physics and Bioengineering

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