Chandler, RE (2011) Exploiting strength, discounting weakness: combining information from multiple climate simulators. (Research report, Department of Statistical Science, UCL 311 , pp. ? - ? ).
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This paper presents and analyses a statistical framework for combining projections of future climate from different climate simulators. The framework explicitly recognises that all currently available simulators are imperfect; that they do not span the full range of possible decisions on the part of the climate modelling community; and that individual simulators have strengths and weaknesses that should be acknowledged in any study of climate impacts. Information from individual simulators is automatically weighted, alongside that from historical observations and from prior knowledge. The weights for an individual simulator depend on its internal variability, its expected consensus with other simulators, the internal variability of the real climate, and the propensity of simulators collectively to deviate from reality. The framework demonstrates, moreover, that some subjective judgements are inevitable when interpreting multiple climate change projections; a particular advantage is that it clarifies precisely what those judgements are and hence provides increased transparency in the ensuing analyses. Although the framework is straightforward to apply in practice by a user with some understanding of Bayesian methods, the emphasis here is on conceptual aspects illustrated with a simplified artificial example. A “poor man’s version” is also presented, which can be implemented with very little effort in simple situations.
|Title:||Exploiting strength, discounting weakness: combining information from multiple climate simulators|
|Keywords:||Ensemble of opportunity, GCM, Multimodel ensemble, Weighting, Regional climate model|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Statistical Science|
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