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Effects of altering umbilical flow and umbilical free fatty acid concentration on transfer of free fatty acids across the rabbit placenta.

Stephenson, TJ; Stammers, JP; Hull, D; (1991) Effects of altering umbilical flow and umbilical free fatty acid concentration on transfer of free fatty acids across the rabbit placenta. J Dev Physiol , 15 (4) pp. 221-227.

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Abstract

The transfer of free fatty acids across the placenta perfused in situ was studied in anaesthetized rabbits in late gestation. In the first series of experiments, umbilical flow rate was varied between 0.6 and 4.0 ml/min in nine rabbits. Although increasing umbilical flow rate significantly decreased the free fatty acid concentration in the umbilical venous effluent (P = 0.0001), placental clearance of free fatty acids from the maternal circulation was not significantly changed by alterations in umbilical flow rate. In the second series of experiments, the materno-fetal free fatty acid concentration gradient was varied between + 1.58 mmol/l and -2.81 mmol/l in eight rabbits. There was a significant relationship between increasing materno-fetal gradient and increasing transfer of free fatty acids across the placenta (P less than 0.001). Moreover, net transfer of free fatty acids into the umbilical circulation was observed even with zero concentration gradient. Net transfer of free fatty acids from fetus to mother occurred when umbilical arterial free fatty acid concentration exceeded maternal arterial concentration by 1.3 mmol/l.

Type: Article
Title: Effects of altering umbilical flow and umbilical free fatty acid concentration on transfer of free fatty acids across the rabbit placenta.
Location: England
Keywords: Analysis of Variance, Animals, Biological Transport, Active, Blood Pressure, Fatty Acids, Nonesterified, Female, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Maternal-Fetal Exchange, Oxygen, Placenta, Pregnancy, Rabbits, Regional Blood Flow, Umbilical Arteries, Umbilical Veins
UCL classification: UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Child Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1355291
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