The development of wind power in China, Europe and the USA: how have policies and innovation system activities co-evolved?
TECHNOLOGY ANALYSIS & STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT
163 - 185.
This paper takes an innovation system approach to analysing the development of wind energy in three jurisdictions: the EU, USA and China. The paper builds on and extends previous innovation system studies on wind in two ways. First, it focuses on the interactions over time between policy and innovation system dynamics, in order to highlight lessons for low-carbon policymaking. Second, it extends the analysis from the formative and growth phases of the innovation system to the globalisation and transfer phase, in which mature technologies are transferred to new markets. The conclusions are: first, policies should go beyond ‘market pull’ and ‘technology push’ and should take into account the institutional frameworks through which they are delivered; second, policies have been more successful where they prioritised long-term learning-oriented deployment rather than short-term efficiency; third, system failures exist at the transfer stage of development as well as during formative and growth phases.
|Title:||The development of wind power in China, Europe and the USA: how have policies and innovation system activities co-evolved?|
|Open access status:||An open access version is available from UCL Discovery|
|Additional information:||© 2013 The Author(s). Published by Taylor & Francis. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The moral rights of the named author(s) have been asserted.|
|Keywords:||technological innovation system, wind power, innovation policy|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Development Planning Unit
UCL > School of Arts and Social Sciences > SSEES
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