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Spiral Growth on Nanoporous Silicoaluminophosphate STA-7 as Observed by Atomic Force Microscopy

Cubillas, P; Castro, M; Jelfs, KE; Lobo, AJW; Slater, B; Lewis, DW; ... Anderson, MW; + view all (2009) Spiral Growth on Nanoporous Silicoaluminophosphate STA-7 as Observed by Atomic Force Microscopy. CRYST GROWTH DES , 9 (9) 4041 - 4050. 10.1021/cg900255u.

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Abstract

Atomic force microscopy was used to study the surface of STA-7 crystals. STA-7 is a silicoaluminophosphate, nanoporous solid formed by interlinked double six ring units (D6R). Observations showed the formation of three distinct types of spirals at tow supersaturation conditions. The {001} face shows spirals with isotropic shapes and a Burgers vector of 0.9 nm, which corresponds to one D6R or one unit cell along the < 001 > direction. The {100} face contains two distinct types of spirals. The first has a Burgers vector of 0.9 rim, or half a unit cell along < 100 >. This dislocation produces a change in the "stacking" sequence of the D6Rs generating all overgrowth with the AEI structure. The second type is an interlaced spiral and is generated by a dislocation with a Burgers vector of 1.8 nm or one unit cell, leading to the formation of two substeps each with a different growth anisotropy. This anisotropy is directed by the shape of the substep and the energetics of template attachment. The preponderance of a surface coating of a secondary phase will have significant consequences on applications reliant on intracrystalline diffusion, such as catalysis, where, owing to diffusion limitations, the outermost structure dominates the functional properties.

Type:Article
Title:Spiral Growth on Nanoporous Silicoaluminophosphate STA-7 as Observed by Atomic Force Microscopy
DOI:10.1021/cg900255u
Keywords:CRYSTAL-GROWTH, NATURAL HEULANDITE, SURFACE-STRUCTURE, POROUS MATERIALS, ZEOLITE-A, SOLIDS, AFM, MECHANISMS, CALCITE, TIME
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Chemistry

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