Sigurdardóttir, S; Borsch, C; Gustafsson, K; Andersson, L; (1992) Gene duplications and sequence polymorphism of bovine class II DQB genes. Immunogenetics , 35 (3) 205 - 213.
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The genetic diversity of bovine class II DQB genes was investigated by polymerase chain reaction amplification and DNA sequencing. The first domain exon was amplified from genomic DNA samples representing 14 class II haplotypes, defined by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis. The presence of a polymorphism in the copy number of DQB genes was confirmed since two DQB sequences were isolated from certain haplotypes. Four subtypes of bovine DQB genes were found. DQB1 is the major type and was found in almost all haplotypes. DQB2 is very similar to DQB1 but was found only in the duplicated haplotypes DQ9 to 12. DQB3 and DQB4 are two quite divergent genes only present in certain duplicated haplotypes. The bovine DQB complexity thus resembles that in the human DRB region. Bovine DQB genes were found to be highly polymorphic as ten DQB1 alleles and four DQB2 alleles were identified. The observed sequence polymorphism correlated well with previously defined DQB RFLPs. Bovine and human DQB alleles show striking similarities at the amino acid level. In contrast, the frequency of silent substitutions is much higher in comparisons of DQB alleles between species than within species ruling out the possibility that any of the contemporary DQB alleles have been maintained since the divergence of humans and cattle. The frequency of silent substitutions between DQB alleles was markedly lower in cattle than in humans, in agreement with a previous comparison of human and bovine DRB alleles.
|Title:||Gene duplications and sequence polymorphism of bovine class II DQB genes.|
|Keywords:||Alleles, Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Base Sequence, Cattle, Exons, Genes, MHC Class II, HLA-DQ Antigens, HLA-DQ beta-Chains, HLA-DR Antigens, Haplotypes, Humans, Molecular Sequence Data, Multigene Family, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Polymorphism, Genetic|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Child Health > Department of Infection and Immunity > ICH - Molecular Immunology Unit|
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