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Investigation of Late Bronze Age primary glass production in Egypt and the Eastern Mediterranean

Smirniou, M; (2012) Investigation of Late Bronze Age primary glass production in Egypt and the Eastern Mediterranean. Doctoral thesis, UCL (University College London).

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Abstract

The present study focuses on the primary glass production during Late Bronze Age mainly in Egypt and secondarily in the Eastern Mediterranean. Large scale production of Egyptian glass objects began around 1500 BC during the early New Kingdom. However, both the location at which glass was produced from its raw materials, and how the production centres were organised is still not clear. Several studies have investigated and/or continue to investigate how Egyptian glass was produced, how it was coloured, what raw materials were used; and several sites have been identified as possible primary glass production centres, with Qantir demonstrating the most concrete evidence at present. The chronologically earlier than Qantir sites of Amarna and Lisht provide sufficient evidence to make them candidates of LBA glass production as well. This present study investigates important finds which have not been studied before largely from the Amarna glass collection of the Petrie Museum, and secondarily, samples from the site of Lisht in order to investigate primary glass production in New Kingdom Egypt. In addition, by studying Mycenaean material from Thessaly in northern Greece as well as re-examining published data from Late Bronze Age Egyptian and Mesopotamian glass, patterns of glass production and exchange are also examined. The aim of this study is to increase our understanding regarding LBA glass production by (i) testing whether glass-making can be positively identified for the sites of Amarna and Lisht, (ii) determining whether the models developed for the site of Qantir are applicable also to Amarna and Lisht, (iii) identifying regional differences and patterns in LBA glass compositions.

Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Title:Investigation of Late Bronze Age primary glass production in Egypt and the Eastern Mediterranean
Language:English
UCL classification:UCL > VP International > UCL-Qatar

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