Stroman, PW; Bosma, RL; Kornelsen, J; Lawrence-Dewar, J; Wheeler-Kingshott, C; Cadotte, D; Fehlings, MG; (2012) Advanced MR imaging techniques and characterization of residual anatomy. Clin Neurol Neurosurg , 114 (5) 460 - 470. 10.1016/j.clineuro.2012.01.003.
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Advances in technology in recent decades have contributed to rapid developments in non-invasive methods for imaging human anatomy, and advanced imaging methods are now one of the primary tools for clinical diagnosis after neurological trauma or disease. Here we review the current and upcoming capabilities of one of the most rapidly developing methods, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The underlying theory is introduced so that the reasons for the strengths, weaknesses, and future expectations of this method, can be explained. Current techniques for imaging anatomical changes, inflammation, and changes in white matter, axonal integrity, blood flow and function, are reviewed. Applications for specific purposes of assessing traumatic injury in the brain or spinal cord, and for multiple-sclerosis are also presented, and are used as examples of how the advanced techniques are being used in practice.
|Title:||Advanced MR imaging techniques and characterization of residual anatomy.|
|Keywords:||Algorithms, Axons, Brain Injuries, Diffusion Tensor Imaging, Humans, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Inflammation, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Multiple Sclerosis, Myelin Sheath, Nerve Net, Nervous System, Perfusion, Recovery of Function, Trauma, Nervous System|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Neurology > IoN - Neuroinflammation|
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