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Coding and Signal Processing for Secure Wireless Communication

Choo, LC; (2012) Coding and Signal Processing for Secure Wireless Communication. Doctoral thesis , UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Wireless communication networks are widely deployed today and the networks are used in many applications which require that the data transmitted be secure. Due to the open nature of wireless systems, it is important to have a fundamental understanding of coding schemes that allow for simultaneously secure and reliable transmission. The information theoretic approach is able to give us this fundamental insight into the nature of the coding schemes required for security. The security issue is approached by focusing on the confidentiality of message transmission and reception at the physical layer. The goal is to design coding and signal processing schemes that provide security, in the information theoretic sense. In so doing, we are able to prove the simultaneously secure and reliable transmission rates for different network building blocks. The multi-receiver broadcast channel is an important network building block, where the rate region for the channel without security constraints is still unknown. In the thesis this channel is investigated with security constraints, and the secure and reliable rates are derived for the proposed coding scheme using a random coding argument. Cooperative relaying is next applied to the wiretap channel, the fundamental physical layer model for the communication security problem, and signal processing techniques are used to show that the secure rate can be improved in situations where the secure rate was small due to the eavesdropper enjoying a more favorable channel condition compared to the legitimate receiver. Finally, structured lattice codes are used in the wiretap channel instead of unstructured random codes, used in the vast majority of the work so far. We show that lattice coding and decoding can achieve the secrecy rate of the Gaussian wiretap channel; this is an important step towards realizing practical, explicit codes for the wiretap channel.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: Coding and Signal Processing for Secure Wireless Communication
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1352623
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