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Pre-morbid intelligence, the metabolic syndrome and mortality: the Vietnam Experience Study

Batty, GD; Gale, CR; Mortensen, LH; Langenberg, C; Shipley, MJ; Deary, IJ; (2008) Pre-morbid intelligence, the metabolic syndrome and mortality: the Vietnam Experience Study. DIABETOLOGIA , 51 (3) 436 - 443. 10.1007/s00125-007-0908-5.

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Abstract

Aims/hypothesis We examined the relationship between pre-morbid intelligence quotient (IQ) and the metabolic syndrome, and assessed the role of the metabolic syndrome as a mediating factor in the association of IQ with total and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality.Methods In this cohort study, 4,157 men with IQ test results from late adolescence or early adulthood [mean age (range) 20.4 (16-30) years] attended a clinical examination in middle-age [38.3 (31-46) years] at which the components of the metabolic syndrome were measured. They were then followed for 15 years to assess mortality.Results In age-adjusted analyses, IQ was significantly inversely related to four of the five individual components comprising the metabolic syndrome: hypertension, high BMI, high triglycerides and high blood glucose, but not low HDL-cholesterol. After controlling for a range of covariates that included socioeconomic position, higher IQ scores were associated with a reduced prevalence of the metabolic syndrome itself (odds ratio(1 SD increase in IQ) 0.87, 95% CI 0.78-0.98). Structural equation modelling revealed that education was not a mediator of the relationship between IQ and the metabolic syndrome. The metabolic syndrome partially mediated the relationship between IQ and CVD but not that between IQ and total mortality.Conclusions/interpretation In this cohort, higher scores on a pre-morbid IQ test were associated with a lower prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and most of its components. The metabolic syndrome was a mediating variable in the IQ-CVD relationship.

Type:Article
Title:Pre-morbid intelligence, the metabolic syndrome and mortality: the Vietnam Experience Study
DOI:10.1007/s00125-007-0908-5
Keywords:cardiovascular disease, CVD, intelligence quotient, IQ, metabolic syndrome, mortality, socioeconomic position, CHILDHOOD MENTAL-ABILITY, CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE, ABERDEEN CHILDREN, HEALTH-STATUS, IQ, ADULTHOOD, VETERANS, LINKING, MIDSPAN, COHORT
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Surgery and Interventional Science (Division of)
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care > Epidemiology and Public Health

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