Stallard, T; Smith, C; Miller, S; Lystrup, M; Aylward, A; Achilleos, N; ... Dougherty, M; + view all Stallard, T; Smith, C; Miller, S; Lystrup, M; Aylward, A; Achilleos, N; Melin, H; Dougherty, M; - view fewer (2007) Saturn's auroral/polar H infrared emission. II. A comparison with plasma flow models. Icarus , 191 (2) 678 - 690. 10.1016/j.icarus.2007.05.016.
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We present a detailed analysis of the H intensity and velocity profiles crossing Saturn's auroral/polar region, as described by Stallard et al. [Stallard, T., Miller, S., Melin, H., Lystrup, M., Dougherty, M., Achilleos, N., 2007. Icarus 189, 1-13], with a view to understanding the magnetospheric processes with which they are connected. The data are not consistent with the theory that Saturn's main auroral oval is associated with corotation enforcement currents in the middle magnetosphere. This implies that the main auroral oval can be associated with the open-closed field line boundary [Cowley, S.W.H., Bunce, E.J., O'Rourke, J.M., 2004. J. Geophys. Res. 109. A05212]; a third model, by Sittler et al. [Sittler, E.C., Blanc, M.F., Richardson, J.D., 2006. J. Geophys. Res. 111. A06208] associates the main oval with centrifugal instabilities in the outer magnetosphere, but does not make predictions about ionospheric plasma flows with which we can compare our data. We do, however, tentatively identify emission at latitudes lower than the main auroral oval which may be associated with the corotation enforcement currents in the middle magnetosphere. We also find that at latitudes higher than the main auroral oval there is often a region of the ionosphere that is in rigid corotation with the planet. We suggest that this region corresponds to field lines embedded in the centre of the magnetotail which are shielded from the solar wind such that their rotation is controlled only by the neutral atmosphere. © 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Title:||Saturn's auroral/polar H infrared emission. II. A comparison with plasma flow models|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy|
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