British Trade with Spanish America Under the Asiento 1713-1740.
Doctoral thesis, University of London.
In 1713 England acquired the asiento contract to supply Spain's American colonies with 4,800 slaves annually and assigned the privilege to the South Sea Company. In compensation for expected losses in the slave trade, the Company was permitted to carry on an extensive trade in merchandise which competed with the traditional outlets for British trade to America. This need to rely on foreign contractors to supply slaves to the American colonies offered a threat to Spain's trading monopoly it was further eroded by the presence of British merchants residing at strategic ports throughout America trading in large quantities of contraband slaves and merchandise in addition to Company trade. Although the Spanish government took numerous steps to impede the Company's trade including the seizure of all Company property during the wars of 1718, 1727 and 1739 they were never able to convince the Company to relinquish the asiento for an agreed compensation. When the Company finally ceased trading at the beginning of the War of Jenkins' Ear, it was mainly because of dwindling returns and a new political environment in England. Although the treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle which ended the war, provided for the Company to continue trading for another four years, it was in no position to resume the trade. Company agents had all returned to England at the beginning of the war and after a severe financial loss the directors concentrated on obtaining compensation. In 1750 the asiento contract was terminated and the South Sea Company paid £100,000 to cover their losses in the trade.
|Title:||British Trade with Spanish America Under the Asiento 1713-1740.|
|Open access status:||An open access version is available from UCL Discovery|
|Additional information:||Thesis digitised by British Library EThOS|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Arts and Social Sciences > Faculty of Social and Historical Sciences > History|
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