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The Impact of Phoenician and Greek Expansion on the Early Iron Age Societies of Southern Iberia and Southwestern Germany.

Frankenstein, SM; (1977) The Impact of Phoenician and Greek Expansion on the Early Iron Age Societies of Southern Iberia and Southwestern Germany. Doctoral thesis, University of London. Green open access

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Abstract

This thesis is concerned with the nature and processes of Phoenician and Greek expansion. into the Western and Central Mediterranean and their impact on the indigenous societies of 'Prehistoric' Europe. It will be shown that these processes must be viewed within the context of the changing configuration of the Western Asiatic regional system and its Mediterranean extensions in the late second and early Ist millenia BC. From the 8th century, parts of Europe were increasingly drawn into this system with the establishment of Greek cities and Phoenician trading spheres in the Central and Western Mediterranean. The nature of Phoenician stragegies and the 'colonial' situation in Iberia resulted initially in the creation of a Western Phoenician sphere, based on Southern Iberia, which served to link the Atlantic trading network with the Central Mediterranean, and the emergent Etruscan and Greek cities. By the 6th century, independent access to'. resources of Central Europe was firmly established across the Alpine routes and along the Rhone. The effect of the incorporation of Central Europe north of the Alps into the periphery of the Central Mediterranean core states is examined in Southwestern Germany and the corresponding decline of the Western Phoenician sphere is emphasised. Essentially, therefore, we are dealing here with a single regional system, in which the Western Asiatic and Eastern Mediterranean core states expanded geographically into the peripheral areas of Mediterranean and Central Europe, incorporating them into the economic regional system. The nature of the new role of the Iron Age societies in the regional system varied according to both the internal organisation and external relations of the particular society before connections - direct'or through intermediaries - were established with the core centres.

Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Title:The Impact of Phoenician and Greek Expansion on the Early Iron Age Societies of Southern Iberia and Southwestern Germany.
Open access status:An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language:English
Additional information:Thesis digitised by British Library EThOS. Some images have been excluded due to third party copyright.
UCL classification:UCL > School of Arts and Social Sciences > Faculty of Social and Historical Sciences > Institute of Archaeology

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