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Dynamical systems in cosmology

Chan, N; (2012) Dynamical systems in cosmology. Doctoral thesis, UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

In this PhD thesis, the role of dynamical systems in cosmology has been studied. Many systems and processes of cosmological interest can be modelled as dynamical systems. Motivated by the concept of hypothetical dark energy that is believed to be responsible for the recently discovered accelerated expansion of the universe, various dynamical dark energy models coupled to dark matter have been investigated using a dynamical systems approach. The models investigated include quintessence, three-form and phantom fields, interacting with dark matter in different forms. The properties of these models range from mathematically simple ones to those with better physical motivation and justification. It was often encountered that linear stability theory fails to reveal behaviour of the dynamical systems. As part of this PhD programme, other techniques such as application of the centre manifold theory, construction of Lyapunov functions were considered. Applications of these so-called methods of non-linear stability theory were applied to cosmological models. Aforementioned techniques are powerful tools that have direct applications not only in applied mathematics, theoretical physics and engineering, but also in finance, economics, theoretical immunology, neuroscience and many more. One of the main aims of this thesis is to bridge the gap between dynamical systems theory, an area of applied mathematics, and cosmology, an exciting area of physics that studies the universe as a whole.

Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Title:Dynamical systems in cosmology
Open access status:An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language:English
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Mathematics

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