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Novel P2X(7) receptor antagonists ease the pain

King, BF; (2007) Novel P2X(7) receptor antagonists ease the pain. BRIT J PHARMACOL , 151 (5) 565 - 567. 10.1038/sj.bjp.0707266. Gold open access

Abstract

In recent months, a series of chemically diverse antagonists has been identified for the ATP- gated P2X(7) receptor. In particular, two classes of highly- selective competitive P2X(7) antagonists have been developed by Michael Jarvis and his colleagues at Abbott Laboratories. These di- substituted tetrazole and cyanoguanidine derivatives are outstanding for a number of reasons (not least their stability, selectivity, potency and, of course, reversibility); most exciting is their near equal potency at human and rodent P2X(7) isoforms. Armed with drugs such as A740003 and newer A438079, Jarvis and colleagues have explored the role of P2X(7) receptors in the onset and persistence of chronic pain in animal models. Their findings - and applicability to the human condition - are reviewed in this current issue of British Journal of Pharmacology. This accompanying Commentary describes the progress made by Jarvis and others in developing novel P2X(7) antagonists for pain relief.

Type: Article
Title: Novel P2X(7) receptor antagonists ease the pain
Open access status: An open access publication
DOI: 10.1038/sj.bjp.0707266
Publisher version: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/ articles/PMC20139...
Keywords: ATP, P2Z receptor, P2X(7) receptor, microglia, inflammation, pain, antinociception, analgesic, RAT MAST-CELLS, INTERLEUKIN-1-BETA RELEASE, EXTRACELLULAR ATP, NEUROPATHIC PAIN, CHANNELS, ACTIVATION
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Neuro, Physiology and Pharmacology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/134642
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